The Arab world includes the majority (13 out of 18) of the Middle Eastern countries. The largest Middle Eastern country in terms of land area is Saudi Arabia, while the most populous ones are Egypt, Turkey, and Iran. The geopolitical significance of the region has been recognized for thousands of years, with a rich history dating back to ancient times.
The Middle East is also the birthplace of several major religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The main socioethnic group in the region are Arabs, followed by a diverse range of groups such as Turks, Persians, Kurds, Azeris, Copts, Jews, Assyrians, Iraqi Turkmen, Yazidis, and Greek Cypriots.
Middle East Countries List
The Middle East is a vast region that stretches from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the Persian Gulf in the east. It is home to many countries, each with its own unique history, culture, and traditions. Here is a list of the countries in the Middle East:
Afghanistan – Though Afghanistan is sometimes considered part of Central Asia, its location between Iran, Pakistan, and the former Soviet republics makes it an important player in the region.
Bahrain – A tiny island nation off the coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain is known for its oil wealth and financial sector.
Egypt – One of the oldest civilizations in the world, Egypt is home to iconic landmarks like the Pyramids and the Sphinx.
Iran – Known for its rich history, art, and literature, Iran is a major player in the region with a significant population and natural resources.
Iraq – Despite its recent history of conflict and instability, Iraq is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations and is an important producer of oil.
Israel – The only Jewish state in the world, Israel is a key player in the region and is often at the center of regional tensions.
Jordan – Located between Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia, Jordan is known for its ancient ruins and stunning desert landscapes.
Kuwait – A small but wealthy country located on the Persian Gulf, Kuwait is one of the world’s largest oil producers.
Lebanon – Known for its stunning coastline, rich history, and vibrant culture, Lebanon has been rocked by political instability and conflict in recent years.
Oman – Located on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, Oman is known for its stunning natural beauty and rich history.
Palestine – A territory at the center of one of the most intractable conflicts in the world, Palestine is home to a significant Palestinian population and is often at the center of regional tensions.
Qatar – A tiny but wealthy nation on the Persian Gulf, Qatar is known for its massive natural gas reserves and luxurious lifestyle.
Saudi Arabia – The birthplace of Islam and one of the wealthiest nations in the world, Saudi Arabia is known for its oil wealth and conservative society.
Syria – A country that has been torn apart by civil war for over a decade, Syria was once a center of culture and history in the region.
Turkey – Straddling Europe and Asia, Turkey is a major player in the region with a rich history and diverse culture.
United Arab Emirates – A federation of seven emirates located on the Persian Gulf, the UAE is known for its luxurious lifestyle and massive oil reserves.
Yemen – A country that has been devastated by civil war and political instability, Yemen is located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula.
Each of these countries has its own unique history, culture, and traditions. Despite the many challenges that the region faces, it remains an important and fascinating part of the world.
List of Middle East Countries with their Capital and Currency
|Akrotiri and Dhekelia||Episkopi||Euro||English|
|Kuwait||Kuwait City||Kuwaiti Dinar||Arabic|
|Paleatine||Ramallaha||Israeli Shekel, Jordanian Dinar||Arabic|
|Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Saudi Riyal||Arabic|
|United Arab||Abu Bhabi||Emirati Dirham||Arabic|