The 12 Jyotirlingas are considered the most revered pilgrimage sites for the devotees of Lord Shiva. These are the twelve temples located in different parts of India that house the lingams (representation of Lord Shiva) considered to be the most powerful and sacred. The list of the 12 Jyotirlingas includes Somnath in Gujarat, Mallikarjuna in Andhra Pradesh, Mahakaleshwar in Madhya Pradesh, Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh, Kedarnath in Uttarakhand, Bhimashankar in Maharashtra, Vishwanath in Uttar Pradesh, Triambakeshwar in Maharashtra, Baidyanath in Jharkhand, Nageshwar in Gujarat, Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, and Grishneshwar in Maharashtra.
Each of these temples has a unique history and significance. While some temples are located in remote locations, others are easily accessible. Devotees from across the country visit these temples to offer their prayers and seek blessings from Lord Shiva.
12 Jyotirlingas List With State
The below list of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India with state and location.
|Bhimashankar||Khed Taluka, Pune||Maharashtra|
List of 12 Jyotirlingas in India – Temples of Lord Shiva
The 12 Jyotirlingas are considered to be the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva in Hinduism. These temples are spread across different states in India, and each one has its own significance and legend attached to it. Complete list of 12 Jyotirlingas with images and place is given below.
1. Somnath Jyotirlinga – Saurashtra Gujarat
Somnath is a highly revered Jyotirlinga in India and is considered the foremost among the twelve aadi jyotirlingas. This pilgrimage site, located in the Kathiawad region of Gujarat, is famous for its temple architecture which resembles the Chalukya style. According to the Shiv Purana, the moon god, Chandra, worshipped Lord Shiva at this shrine in order to regain his lost lustre and beauty after being cursed by Dakshin Prajapati. Lord Shiva appeared here as a sizzling column of light and granted Chandra his wish. Ever since, Lord Shiva has been worshipped here as Somnath.
The Somnath Jyotirlinga temple has been destroyed and rebuilt almost sixteen times, yet it remains one of the most worshipped pilgrimage sites in India.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is a key landmark for travellers and is open every day from 6 AM to 9 PM. The temple conducts aarti at 7 AM, 12 noon and 7 PM, and a famous light and sound show, “Joy Somnath,” takes place every evening between 8 to 9 PM.
2. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga – Darukavanam, Gujarat
Nageshwar is a popular Jyotirlinga temple located on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat, between Gomati Dwarka and Bait Dwarka. Devotees from all over the country visit the temple of Nagnath round the year to seek blessings from the holy shrine of Nageshwar Mahadev, which is located in an underground sanctum. The temple’s 25-m tall statue of Lord Shiva, large garden and unobstructed views of the azure Arabian sea, are fascinating and mesmerizing to visitors. This Jyotirlinga is considered to be one of the most powerful in India and symbolizes the protection from all types of poisons.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open to visitors from 5 AM to 9 PM every day of the week. Devotees can go for darshan between 6 AM to 12:30 PM and 5 PM to 9 PM.
3. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga – Pune in Maharashtra
The Bhimashankar temple is a stunning black rock structure with the Nagara architectural pattern. The temple is located on the banks of the River Bhima. According to legend, it was built by Bheema, the son of Kumbhakarna, and is one of the twelve jyotirlingas in Maharashtra. The temple is surrounded by a wildlife sanctuary of the same name, making it an ideal pilgrimage site for nature lovers.
Every year, a large number of devotees visit the Bhimashankar temple, especially during Maha Shivratri. They also pay a visit to the nearby Kamalaja temple, an incarnation of Parvati. This jyotirlinga is highly revered and is one of the most popular in India.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open every day from 4:30 AM to 12 noon and 4 PM to 9:30 PM, and darshan starts at 5 in the morning and continues till 9:30 at night. However, during Madhyan Aarti in the afternoon, the darshan is closed for 45 minutes.
4. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga – Nashik in Maharashtra
The Trimbakeshwar jyotirlinga is situated near the Brahmagiri mountain, which is the origin of the Godavari River, also known as Gautami Ganga. As per the Shiv Purana, the Godavari River and Gautami Rishi requested Lord Shiva to dwell in this place, and thus the God manifested in the form of Trimbakeshwar. The most distinctive feature of this jyotirlinga is its shape. Instead of a conventional shrine, there is a void with three pillars installed inside. These pillars represent the three most dominant and powerful deities, Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwar.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open to devotees every day from 5:30 AM to 9 PM.
5. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga – Aurangabad in Maharashtra
The Grishneshwar temple, one of the 12 jyotirlingas mentioned in the Shiva Purana, is located near the Ajanta and Ellora caves and boasts an impressive red rock structure in the Shikhara architectural style with carvings of various Gods and Goddesses. It also features a massive Nandi Bull in the main courtyard hall. The temple, also known as Gru Someswara and Kusum Eswarar, was constructed by Ahilyabai Holkar. The Vishnu’s Dashavatar sculpture carved on red rock is a remarkable sight that fascinates every visitor. This temple is also one of the must-visit places in Aurangabad.
Temple Opening Time: Devotees can visit the temple for darshan and puja between 5:30 AM to 9:30 PM, and during the month of shravan, darshan timings are from 3 PM to 11 PM. Usually, it takes a couple of hours for darshan. However, during the month of shravan, there is a massive influx of pilgrims, and darshan may take 6 to 8 hours to complete.
6. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga – Deoghar in Jharkhand
Vaidyanath, also known as Baidyanath or Vaijinath, is a highly revered jyotirlinga among the 12 jyotirlinga in India, and it is also one of the 52 shakti pethas shrines of Sati in Hinduism. According to mythological stories, Ravana worshiped Shiva for years and invited him to Lanka. Shiva appeared as a shivalinga and instructed Ravana not to place it on the ground until he reached Lanka. However, Vishnu interrupted Ravana and convinced him to rest the shivalinga for a while. Ravana disobeyed Shiva’s instructions, and since then, the shivalinga has been worshipped as Vaidyanath in Deoghar. This shrine of Shiva is very popular among devotees and is believed to help them get rid of all their miseries and attain moksha and salvation.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open on all seven days from 4 AM to 3:30 PM and from 6 PM to 9 PM. However, during special religious occasions like Maha Shivaratri, the darshan timings may be extended.
7. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga – Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh
The Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain, surrounded by the dense Mahakal forest, holds immense spiritual significance as one of the popular Jyotirlingas in central India. Legend has it that the shrine was established by a five-year-old boy named Srikar, inspired by the devotion of King Chandrasena of Ujjain. Located on the banks of the Kshipra River, Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is also among the seven mukti-sthal in India, the places that can liberate a human being to eternity.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open from 4 AM to 11 PM. Devotees can experience darshan from 8 AM to 10 AM, 10:30 AM to 5 PM, 6 PM to 7 PM, and 8 PM to 11 PM.
8. Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga – Rameswaram Island in Tamil Nadu
The temple of Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga is considered to be worshiped by Lord Rama after his triumph over Ravana. As the southernmost jyotirlinga in the country, the temple is encompassed by the sea and is renowned for its exquisite architecture, embellished corridors, and 36 theerthams.
Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga is also referred to as the “Varanasi of the south” and is one of the most visited holy places in India. Visitors can reach this jyotirlinga via Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Devotees who visit this site also often travel to Dhanushkodi Beach, from where Lord Rama built Ram Setu to reach Lanka and save his wife. This is also one of the four char dhams in India.
Temple Opening Time: Temple opening hours: The temple opens from 5 AM to 1 PM and then from 3 PM to 9 PM. Darshan is available until 8 PM.
9. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga – Kedarnath in Uttarakhand
The Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, located in the Rudra Himalayan Range at an altitude of 1200 feet, is considered one of the four dhams in Hinduism. The temple remains closed for six months during winter due to heavy snowfall and extreme weather conditions and is open only from May to June. Pilgrims visiting Kedarnath first visit Gangotri and Yamunotri to take holy water, which they offer to the Kedarnath shivalinga.
Visiting the Kedarnath temple and bathing the jyotirlinga is believed to help one get rid of all unhappiness, ill luck, and misfortunes. The trek to Kedarnath is moderately difficult, and pilgrims can use walking sticks or ride on mules or dolis. The Samadhi of Shankaracharya, a famous Hindu saint, is located just behind the main Kedarnath temple.
Temple Opening Time: Temple opening hours: 4 AM to 12 noon and 3 PM to 9 PM.
10. Keshi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga – Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi, also known as the Golden Temple, is a significant Jyotirlinga and a revered place of worship for Hindus. It was built by Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar, a Maratha monarch, in 1780. According to the beliefs of the devotees, Lord Shiva resides here and grants salvation and joy to all. It is considered one of the foremost Jyotirlingas in India, as it is believed to have emerged from the earth’s surface and ascended towards heaven, surpassing other gods.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open every day from 2:30 AM to 11 PM. The following are the daily puja rituals.
- Mangala Aarti: 3 AM to 4 PM
- Sarva Darshan: 4 AM to 11 AM
- Bhog Aarti: 11:15 AM to 12:20 PM
- Sarva Darshan: 12:20 PM to 7 PM
- Sandhya Aarti: 7 PM to 8:15 PM
- Shringara Aarti: 9 PM to 10:15 PM
- Shayana Aarti: 10:30 PM to 11:00 PM
11. Omkareshwar Jyotirlingas – Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh
The temple of Omkareshwar, which means ‘Lord of the Om Sound’, is located on the Narmada River in an island called Shivapuri. It is a highly revered place in India, and has great mythological significance. According to legends, during a war between the Devas and the Danavas, the Devas prayed to Lord Shiva for help, and in response, Lord Shiva appeared as Omkareshwar and helped the Devas to emerge victorious. This temple is among the most popular of the 12 jyotirlingas in India.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open all days of the week from 5 AM to 10 PM. The darshan timings are from 5:30 AM to 12:20 PM and from 4 PM to 8:30 PM.
12.Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga – Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh
The Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga temple, known as the “Kailash of the South” among the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, is situated on the banks of the River Krishna atop the Shri Saila Mountain. With its beautiful architecture, sculptures, decorated pillars called gopurams, and the Mukha Mandapa Hall, the Mallikarjuna temple features deities of Shiva and Bhramaramba or Parvati, and is considered one of the 52 Shakti Peeths of Sati. Undoubtedly, it is one of the most significant Shaivite shrines in the country.
Temple Opening Time: The temple is open every day from 4:30 AM to 10 PM, and the darshan timings are between 6:30 AM to 1 PM and 6:30 PM to 9 PM.
12 Jyotirlinga Name and Place List PDF
Download pdf list of 12 Jyotirlinga name and place from below link with all details of 12 Jyotirlinga.