List of Blood Tests with Abbreviations

A comprehensive list of blood tests includes Complete Blood Count (CBC), Lipid Profile, Blood Glucose Test, Liver Function Tests, Kidney Function Tests, Thyroid Function Tests, Coagulation Tests, Serum Electrolytes and Viral and Bacterial Infection Tests

Blood Tests List

Blood tests serve a dual purpose of evaluating your well-being and aiding healthcare professionals in diagnosing or tracking various medical conditions. For a comprehensive overview and insights into the process, refer to this guide on blood testing to understand its significance and what it entails.
Consistent blood testing is a vital method to monitor your overall health.

Regular testing allows you to observe the transformations your body experiences over time and equips you with the knowledge needed to make informed healthcare choices as you age. Blood tests are essential diagnostic tools used in healthcare to assess various aspects of a person’s health.

Blood Tests List

Below list of some common blood tests

Test NamePurpose
CBCEvaluates red and white blood cell counts, hemoglobin, and platelets.
Lipid ProfileMeasures cholesterol levels, including LDL and HDL cholesterol.
Blood Glucose TestMonitors blood sugar levels for diabetes diagnosis and management.
Liver Function TestsAssess liver health through enzymes, bilirubin, and proteins.
Kidney Function TestsEvaluate kidney function via creatinine and BUN levels.
Thyroid Function TestsMeasure thyroid hormones for thyroid disorder diagnosis.
Coagulation TestsAssess blood clotting ability, vital for surgeries and bleeding disorders.
Serum ElectrolytesMeasure electrolyte levels like sodium, potassium, and calcium.
Blood Type TestDetermines blood type for transfusion compatibility.
Infection TestsDetect viral and bacterial infections, such as HIV, hepatitis, and others.
Common Blood Tests List

Full Body Important Blood Tests List

Blood tests offer a vital insight into your general health and wellness. These examinations play a pivotal role in the early detection of illnesses, preventing their advancement to more critical stages.

Furthermore, they enable you to monitor your body’s response to various treatments for your conditions, ensuring more effective healthcare management.

Complete Blood Count (Hemogram)

A typical complete blood count (CBC) examination quantifies the levels of various elements within each major blood cell, encompassing:

  • Red blood cells (RBCs)
  • White blood cells (WBCs)
  • Platelets
  • Hemoglobin (protein in RBCs)
  • Hematocrit
  • Mean corpuscular volume

The abnormal levels of these lab tests can indicate:

  • Lack of enough blood cells
  • Nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B6 or B12
  • Tissue inflammation
  • Iron deficiency
  • Signs of an infection
  • Heart conditions

Electrolytes Panel

A standard electrolytes examination involves the measurement of specific mineral compounds in the bloodstream, including:

  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Chloride

Abnormality in these parameters suggests are

  • Dehydration
  • Malnutrition
  • Imbalances
  • Potential Health Issues

Liver Panel

A liver panel, also known as a liver function test, examines various parameters, including enzymes, proteins, and other compounds synthesized by the liver. Key information obtained from a liver function test includes:

  • Albumin
  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
  • Bilirubin

Elevated levels of these elements may signify liver conditions like fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis, among others. Conversely, decreased ALP levels could serve as a diagnostic indicator for bone metabolic disorders.

Lipid Panel

This examination assesses the concentrations of various cholesterol types and associated fats in the bloodstream. Typically, it encompasses:

  • HDL or “good” cholesterol
  • LDL or “bad” cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • Total cholesterol

This panel is conducted to evaluate the risk of heart diseases, particularly in older individuals. The outcomes of this test can also impact and enhance your decisions regarding lifestyle choices.

Thyroid Panel

A thyroid panel, also known as thyroid function tests, examines the thyroid’s hormone production and response. It comprises:

  • Triiodothyronine (T3): This hormone, in combination with T4, regulates your heart rate and body temperature.
  • Thyroxine (T4): Along with T3, this hormone regulates your metabolism.
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): This hormone modulates the levels of hormones your thyroid releases.

Irregular hormone levels can lead to various conditions, such as decreased protein levels, thyroid-related growth disorders, and imbalances in sex hormones like testosterone or estrogen.

Diabetes Panel

Diagnostic tests for diabetes encompass fasting plasma glucose (FPG), post-meal blood glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) tests. Your healthcare provider will assess your test outcomes to gauge the effectiveness of your blood sugar management.

The HbA1c test measures glucose levels in the body, primarily used for monitoring sugar control in diabetic patients. Additionally, these tests can assist in identifying potential cases of diabetes or pre-diabetes in individuals.

Test for Essential Nutrients

Blood tests that analyze the body’s concentrations of specific nutrients like iron, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and magnesium hold significance, as they play vital roles in maintaining optimal bodily functions.
Many individuals experience deficiencies in these nutrients due to various factors.

Therefore, it is essential to assess these levels and provide supplementation when they fall below the necessary thresholds. Supplementing these nutrients can help prevent various disorders, including iron deficiency anemia, the risk of falls, fractures, as well as acute or chronic pain, among others.

Inflammatory Markers

Tests for inflammatory markers encompass C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine. Elevated CRP levels indicate inflammation in the body and are associated with a heightened risk of cardiac events, artery inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis, or depression.

Increased levels of homocysteine, a common amino acid, can be indicative of various conditions, including stroke, heart disease, vitamin B6, B12, and folate status, as well as kidney diseases.

Coagulation Panel

Coagulation tests encompass the prothrombin time (PT) test and international normalized ratio (INR). These tests assess the body’s clotting ability and the duration it takes for blood to clot.

Blood clotting is a critical process that can prevent excessive bleeding in situations like injuries or surgical procedures.

Furthermore, the results of these tests can aid in the diagnosis of underlying conditions linked to abnormal clotting, such as:

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Hemophilia
  • Thrombosis
  • Liver conditions
  • Vitamin K deficiency

List of Lab Tests PDF

Download lab test code pdf from below link.

Read :

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