List of Mughal Emperors – Mughal Empire Rulers List PDF

The List of Mughal Emperors includes notable rulers such as Babur, Akbar the Great, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb, these emperors left a lasting impact on Indian history through their military conquests, cultural achievements, and architectural masterpieces

Mughal Emperors List

The Mughal Emperors were the rulers of the Mughal Empire, and they played a significant role in shaping the history and culture of the Indian subcontinent. The first Mughal Emperor was Babur, who established the Mughal Empire in India in 1526. Babur was succeeded by his son, Humayun, who was later overthrown by Sher Shah Suri. However, Humayun regained the throne with the help of the Persian ruler, Shah Tahmasp.

The most famous Mughal Emperor was Akbar the Great, who ruled from 1556 to 1605. Akbar was known for his liberal policies and religious tolerance. He abolished the Jizya tax imposed on non-Muslims and introduced a new religion called Din-i-Ilahi, which was a blend of various religions.

Mughal Emperors

The Mughal Empire was a period of significant historical importance in South Asia, spanning from the early 16th to the mid-19th century. The Mughals were an Islamic dynasty of Turco-Mongol origin that ruled over a vast territory across the Indian subcontinent, including present-day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.

Throughout their rule, the Mughals brought forth numerous cultural, artistic, and architectural innovations, imprinting an enduring legacy on the region’s historical and cultural fabric. Renowned for their generous support of the arts, literature, and architectural marvels, the Mughal emperors not only excelled in military conquests and territorial expansion but also in nurturing and promoting the rich heritage that continues to shape the identity of the region.

The Mughal dynasty, also referred to as the “Shāhanshāhān-e-Hindustan” in Persian and “مغل شہنشاہ” in Urdu, were the preeminent rulers of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent, encompassing present-day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.

The Mughal emperors, who adopted the title of Badshah (meaning “great king”), were primarily recognized as “emperors” by the translation of their Persian title “Shahanshah.” Their reign began in 1526 and extended across much of the subcontinent by 1707, following which their power significantly declined. Nevertheless, they continued to hold nominal control over regions until the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

The Mughal lineage, originating from Central Asia, belonged to the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty. Babur, the founder of the Mughals, was a prince from the Fergana Valley (currently part of Uzbekistan) and also a descendant of Timur (known as Tamerlane in the West). Babur was further linked to Genghis Khan through Timur’s marriage to a princess from the Genghisid lineage.

Some of the most prominent Mughal emperors include Babur, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb. Each emperor made their unique contributions to the empire’s development and legacy, whether it be through political and economic reforms, cultural advancements, or military conquests.

Mughal Emperors List

EmperorFull NameBirth OnExpire On
BaburZahir-ud-din Muhammad14th February 148326 December 1530
HumayunNasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun6th March 150827 January 1556
AkbarJalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar14th October 154227th October 1605
JahangirNur-ud-din Muhammad Salim20th September 156928th October 1627
Shah-JahanShahab-ud-din Muhammad khurram5th January 159222nd January 1666
Alamgir IMuhy-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb4th November 16183rd March 1707
Bahadur ShahQutb-ud-din Muhammad Mu’azzam shah Alam14th October 164327th February 1712
Jahandar ShahMu’izz-ud-din Jahandar shah Bahadur9th may 166112th February 1713
FarrukhsiyarFarrukhsiyar20th August 168529th April 1719
Rafi ud-DarajatRafi ud-Darajat30th November 16999th June 1719
Shah Jahan IIRafi ud-DaulahJune 169619 September 1719
Muhammad ShahRoshan Akhtar Bahadur17th August 170226th April 1748
Ahmad Shah BahadurAhmad Shah Bahadur23rd December 17251st January 1775
Alamgir IIAziz-ud-din6th June 169929 November 1759
Shah Jahan IIIMuhi-ul-millat17111772
Shah Alam IIAli Gauhar25th June 172819th November 1806
Muhammad shah Bahadur Jahan IVBidar Bakhat17491790
Akbar Shah IIMirza Akbar22nd April 176028th September 1837
Bahadur Shah IIAbu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar24th October 17757th November 1862
List of Mughal Emperors

Mughal Empire Rulers List PDF

The Mughal Empire ruled much of the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th century to the mid-19th century, and was characterized by its military conquests, artistic achievements, and architectural marvels.

The empire was led by a succession of powerful rulers who left their mark on history. Some of the most famous Mughal emperors include Babur, who founded the empire in 1526, Akbar the Great, who expanded the empire to its greatest extent and fostered a culture of religious tolerance, and Shah Jahan, who built the iconic Taj Mahal.

Other notable rulers include Jahangir, Aurangzeb, and Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last emperor of the Mughal dynasty.

Download List of Mughal Empire pdf from below link.

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